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Humbershoe Tithe Apportionment

Tithe Apprtionment Map of 1852 [MAT43-1]
Tithe Apportionment Map of 1852 [MAT43/1] - to see a larger image, please click on the thumbnail

Tithes were a medieval tax designed to provide upkeep for the parish parson. In theory they amounted to one tenth of a parishioner's income, in cash or in kind. Over the years payment in kind diminished as it was cumbersome to administer and cash became the norm. The Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 made this into law, tithes could now be converted into a rent charge on property owned. This led to detailed maps being produced in parishes which took up the Act to identify all property liable to rent charge. The Hertfordshire portion of Studham produced Tithe Apportionment map and reference book in 1840

The reference book accompanying the Tithe Apportionment map of 1852 for the Bedfordshire portion of Studham, and for Humbershoe [AT43/1] dates to 1853 and is set out below. One copy of the map was lodged with the Tithe Redemption Commission, another to the Bishop and a third to the parish officers. Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Records Service's copy is that deposited by the Diocese of Saint Albans. The number refers to the number on the map, the first name is the owner, the second the occupier, then comes a description of the land and/or property and finally the area it covers:

  • 20: The trustees of John Pedley deceased - Boyd, James Wright, Widow Powell, William Taylor, Widow Beck - 5 cottages and yard - 34 poles;
  • 21: The trustees of John Pedley deceased - gardens to above cottages - 1 rood, 32 poles;
  • 22: Miss Morrison - James Turner - blacksmith's shop - 2 poles;
  • 23: Miss Morrison - William Elginton, Jonathan Varney, William Wright, William Carrington, empty, William Cleland, Joseph Munn - 7 cottages and yard - 22 poles;
  • 24: Miss Morrison - garden to above cottages - 18 poles;
  • 25: Miss Morrison - herself - house and garden - 1 rood, 18 poles;
  • 26: Miss Morrison - herself - meadow - 2 acres, 9 poles;
  • 27: Miss Morrison - herself - meadow - 1 acre, 34 poles;
  • 28: Miss Morrison - herself - rickyard - 6 poles;
  • 29: Widow Lightfoot - William Hooker - garden - 3 poles;
  • 30: Widow Lightfoot - Frederic Hooker - stable and yard - 3 poles;
  • 31: John Stainer - William Grigg - garden - 3 poles;
  • 32: Miss Morrison - Henry Elginton - cottage and yard - 3 poles;
  • 33: Widow Lightfoot - William Ward and John Knight - 2 cottages and gardens - 8 poles;
  • 34: John Stainer - William Grigg - cottage and garden - 3 poles;
  • 35: Watkin & Company - Widow Messenger - cottage - 2 poles;
  • 36: Watkin & Company - John Varney and 3 empty - 4 cottages and yard - 6 poles;
  • 37: Zachariah Goodyear - George Tarbox and empty - 2 cottages and barns - 3 poles;
  • 38: Widow Lightfoot - William Hooker - cottage and yard - 3 poles;
  • 39: Widow Hickman - Thomas Tyler - 2 cottages and gardens - 11 poles;
  • 40: Charles Meacher - Thomas Blackaby - Red Lion Public House, buildings and garden - 22 poles;
  • 41: Widow Lightfoot - Samuel Coster, Widow Roe, Widow Andrews, empty - 4 cottages and gardens - 5 poles;
  • 42: Miss Morrison - Widow Mead, Thomas Burgey, John Cherry, Thomas Buck - 4 cottages and gardens - 11 poles;
  • 43: Thomas Grace - empty, Widow Cleaver, William Cleaver, Widow Stanbridge - 4 cottages and gardens - 6 poles;
  • 44: William Puddefoot - Joseph Leafar, William Allen - 2 cottages and gardens - 8 poles;
  • 45: William Puddefoot - William Ellingham, Joseph Hobbs, Samuel Fossey, empty - The White Horse Beerhouse, 4 cottages, gardens and yard - 23 poles;
  • 46: Richard Stevens - himself - garden - 28 poles;
  • 47: Richard Stevens - Thomas Birdsey - house - 3 poles;
  • 48: Richard Stevens - himself - house, yard and buildings - 16 poles;
  • 49: Richard Stevens - William Wagstaff, John Butcher, Daniel Tomlin, Edward Potten, Henry Clifton, William Butterfield, Joseph Andrew, Elizabeth Hodgson, William Quick - 9 cottages and yard - 19 poles;
  • 50: Rev. Francis Ady - Mrs. Wheeldon - garden - 2 roods, 22 poles;
  • 51: Rev. Francis Ady - Mrs. Wheeldon - house, yard and premises - 24 poles;
  • 52: Rev. Francis Ady - Mrs. Wheeldon - school - 3 poles;
  • 53: Rev. Francis Ady - Mrs. Wheeldon - meadow - 1 acre, 2 roods, 29 poles;
  • 57: The trustees of John Pedley deceased - John Blincow - Path Meadow - 1 rood, 34 poles;
  • 58: Miss Morrison - Roger McManus - garden - 1 rood, 34 poles;
  • 59: Miss Morrison - Elizabeth Shepherd, Miss Langford - 2 cottages and yard - 4 poles;
  • 60: Miss Morrison - Roger McManus, Herbert Wigan Swayne - 2 houses, gardens and buildings - 31 poles;
  • 61: Thomas Kinder - Thomas Church - The Swan Public House, yard and premises - 34 poles;
  • 62: Thomas Kinder - Thomas Church - garden - 1 rood, 26 poles;
  • 63: Thomas Goodyear - himself - garden - 3 roods, 13 poles;
  • 64: Sarah Birdsey - herself - house, yard and premises - 16 poles;
  • 65: Thomas Goodyear - himself - house, yard, warehouse and premises - 38 poles;
  • 66: John Dixon - William Tyler - Bull & Butcher Beerhouse, yard and premises - 11 poles;
  • 67: Samuel Bigg - James Hooker, Widow Newman - 2 cottages and gardens - 13 poles;
  • 68: Cornelius Goodyear - himself - house, yard and premises - 39 poles;
  • 69: Cornelius Goodyear - himself - garden - 3 roods, 19 poles;
  • 70: John Blincow - himself - orchard - 3 roods, 14 poles;
  • 71: John Blincow - himself - garden - 1 rood, 14 poles;
  • 72: John Blincow - himself - yard and buildings - 5 poles;
  • 73: J. A. Groom - Edward Custance - The Green Man Beerhouse, yard and premises - 15 poles;
  • 74: Matthew Griffith - James Mayles - 2 empty - 3 cottages and yard - 8 poles;
  • 75: John Blincow - William Thorn - yard and barn - 10 poles;
  • 76: John Blincow - William Thorn - house and garden - 11 poles;
  • 77: John Blincow - William Withington - house - 3 poles;
  • 78: John Blincow - himself - house and premises - 30 poles;
  • 79: Richard Bedford - himself - house, barn and garden - 7 poles;
  • 80: Thomas Franklin - John Whitlock and undertenants - 5 cottages and yard - 20 poles;
  • 81: Thomas Franklin - John Whitlock and undertenants - garden - 16 poles;
  • 82: Thomas Franklin - John Whitlock and undertenants - orchard - 30 poles.