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The Community of Wingfield in General

 

The land around Wingfield November 2014
The land around Wingfield November 2014

Landscape

The solid, or underlying geology in Wingfield is known as gault formation, a sedimentary rock formed approximately 99 to 112 million years ago in the warm, shallow seas of the Cretaceous Period. The superficial geology is mostly till - a diamicton formed up to 2 million years ago in the ice age conditions of the Quarternary Period. The hamlet is quite high by Bedfordshire standards and on something of a plateau, the area around Pond Farm being 445 feet above sea-level.

Wingfield sign

Name

The derivation of the name is uncertain. "Wina's field" with Wina being an Anglo-Saxon personal name seems unlikely given the early forms of the name, for which see below. The first element may be "wince" meaning a nook of corner, as the hamlets is on a plateau at the head of a small valley. Perhaps the best suggestion is "Winta's field", Winta being a personal name.

The various versions of the name over time are as follows:

  • Winfeld: c.1200-1286;
  • Wynfeld: c. 1200-1286;
  • Wintfeld: 13th century;
  • Winefeld: 1249-1286;
  • Wynefeld: 1249-1286;
  • Wynchefeld: 1276;
  • Wyndeselde: 1535;
  • Winfield: 1675.

36 Tebworth Road February 2013
36 Tebworth Road February 2013

Administrative History

Wingfield has always been a hamlet of the ancient parish of Chalgrave. It is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 though a Manor of Wingfield emerged in the 14th century from holdings which can be traced back into the previous century.

Houses in Wingfield about 1900 [Z1306/26/2]
Houses in Wingfield about 1900 [Z1306/26/2]

Population

The population of Wingfield is included with the figures for Chalgrave between 1801 and 2011.