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Westoning Labourers 1834 to 1837

In 1838 an appendix to a report from a Select Committee on the Poor Law Amendment Act (1838) included details of the annual wages of labourers in Westoning for 1834, including remarks on the background of some of them [CRT130Westoning1]. The following entries give a good deal on information for each labourer comprising: (a) the range of income in 1838 (different figures often being provided by two researchers, (a) Mr. Turner and Messrs Pearse and Marshall working together); (b) remarks; (c) age in 1834; (d) whether he had a wife or not; (e) number of children living with parents; (f) age range of the children; (g) number of weeks employed in 1834; (h) wages in 1834; (i) additional income from harvest; (j) earnings of wife and children; (k) additional income from gleaning; (l) total income of family; (m) outgoings on rent and fuel; (n) net income applicable for food, clothing, soap, candles and other necessities; (o) name of employer; (p) type of work; (q) family details in the 1851 census

ARMSDEN, Edward: (a) £35/16/- to £37/18/9; (b) Has eight in family, instead of nine, as stated by Mr. Turner; profits of pig and garden allotment not included; (c) aged 41; (d) wife; (e) 5; (f) 1 to 19; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/-; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £10/8/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £35/16/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) 27/18/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) not on the 1851 census but Charlotte Armsden, widow, aged 63 and a pauper, born Westoning was living with her son Joseph, aged 30, agricultural labourer, born Westoning and his wife Ann, 33, born Westoning and Rebecca Horley, 7, a scholar and lodger, bor in Toddington.

BASS, John: (a) £25/18/- to £28/5/-; (b) nil; (c) aged 33; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) ages 1 to 5; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvest; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleanings; (l) £25/18/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £19/8/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Hawley; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 48, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Mary, wife, 44, born Westoning; Eliza, daughter, 21, at home, born Westoning; Eli, son, 17, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Elizabeth, daughter, 12, at home, born Westoning; Mary, daughter, 9, at home, born Westoning; Thomas, son, 7 ,scholar, born Westoning. He lived next door to Jesse Gazeley and Joseph Bunker.

BONNER, Crawley: (a) nil; (b) Refuses to give information of the earnings of his wife, who is post-woman, errand woman, and keeps shop; (c) aged 63; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) nil; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £21/6/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £14/6/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Hawley; (p) shepherd; (q) 1851 census: aged 78, widower, pauper, late shepherd, born Flitton. He lived alone.

BRINKLEY, Thomas: (a) £43/12/- to £61/9/7; (b) Has eight in family, instead of nine, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 40; (d) wife; (e) 7 children; (f) aged 1 to 16; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £15/12/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £43/12/- family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £35/14/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: he may be Thomas Brinkler, aged 55, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him are Miriam, wife, 56, born Horton [Oxfordshire]; Mary, daughter, 24, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Joseph, son, 22, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Henry, 19, agricultural labourer, born Westoning.

BUNKER, Joseph: (a) £33/4/- to £34/12/-; (b) Has six in family, instead of seven, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 39; (d) wife; (e) 4 children; (f) ages 1 to 10; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £2/12/- wife and children's earnings; (k) nil; (l) £28 total income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; £21/2/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Bowsted; (p) thresher; (q) 1851 census: he may be Joseph Bunker, aged 53, agricultural labourer, born in Flitton. Living with him were: Maria, wife, 42, born Ampthill; Thomas, son, 20, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Mary, daughter, 17, at home, born Westoning; Eliza, daughter, 14, at home, born Westoning; Ann, daughter, 9, at home, born Westoning; Fanny, daughter, 7, at home, born Westoning; William, son, 1, born Westoning. He lived next door to John Bass.

BUNKER, William: (a) £35/16/- to £44/5/4; (b) Has half an acre of land rent free, for shaving the owner; (c) aged 36; (d) wife; (e) 5 children; (f) ages 1 to 10; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £5/4/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £30/12/- family income; (m) £6/18 outgoings; (n) £23/14/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Smith; (p) carter; (q) 1851 census: he may be William Bunker, aged 49, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Jane, wife, 41, straw plaiter, born Toddington; Mary Odell, daughter-in-law, 21, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Ann Odell, daughter-in-law, 17, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Sarah Bunker, daughter, 14, straw plaiter, born Westoning; George Neal, son-in-law, aged 14, agricultural labourer; born Westoning; Emma Bunker, daughter, 6, born Westoning.

BUNYAN, Thomas: (a) £33/4/- to £43/13/-; (b) nil; (c) aged 57; (d) wife; (e) 4 children; (f) ages 6 to 15; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvest; (j) £3/18/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £29/6/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £22/8/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Bowsted; (p) thresher; (q) not in the 1851 census

BUNYAN, William: (a) £30/9/6 to £30/12/-; (b) Has six in family, instead of seven, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 30; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) ages 1 to 6; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £5/4/- earned by wife; (k) nil; (l) £28 family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £21/2/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Muckleton; (p) jobbing; (q) not in the 1851 census

CARR, John: (a) £31/2/- to £34/3/6; (b) nil; (c) aged 23; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £2/12/- earned by wife; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £31/2/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £24/12/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) not in the 1851 census for Westoning - he is in Tingrith, aged 40, farm labourer, born Westoning. Living with him are: Mary, wife, 35, lacemaker, born Eversholt; Joseph Chance, stepson, 15, labourer, born Eversholt; Mary, daughter, 13, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Thomas, son, 10, labourer, born Westoning; Ann, daughter, 8, straw plaiter, born Eversholt; William, son, 6, Eversholt; James, son, 2, Tingrith.

CHANCE, Peter: (a) £31/7/6 to £37/2/-; (b) Has five in family, instead of six, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 36; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) aged 1 to 8; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £10/8/- earned by wife; (k) nil; (l) £38/8/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £31/10/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 51, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Elizabeth, wife, 47, born Toddington; Fanny, daughter, 18, straw plaiter, born Westoning; William, son, 11, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; George, son, 8, scholar, born Westoning; Mary, daughter, 7, plaiting scholar, born Westoning; this, son, 1, born Westoning; William D., grandson, 10 months, born Westoning.  He lives next door to Henry Hyde.

COOK, John: (a) nil; (b) Refuses to account for the earnings of his wife; states that he has not been examined by any person; (c) aged 38; (d) wife; (e) 2 children; (f) 2 to 6; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/-; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £7/16/-; (k) nil; (l) £33/4/-; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £26/6/- net income; (o) Mr. Williamson; (p) thresher; (q) 1851 census: aged 53, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Sarah, wife, 49, born Steppingley; Deborah, daughter, 27, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Naomi, daughter, 12, plaiting scholar, born Westoning; Mary Harbett, mother-in-law, widow, pauper, born Steppingley; Mark Harbett, brother-in-law, 44, agricultural labourer, born Steppingley.

DALE, alias MARTINDALE, John: (a) nil; (b) This man is the son of a farmer, has a right of common, keeps cows and pigs, and is employed by his father; earnings or income not ascertained; (c) aged 34; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £25/18/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £19/8/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Martindale; (p) carter; (q) 1851 census: aged 50, grazier of 30 acres, born Westoning. Living with him were: Elizabeth, wife, 49, born Westoning; Ann Robinson, lodger, unmarried, 74, pauper, formerly lacemaker, born Westoning.

EYRES, Henry: £28 to £38/15/6; (b) His son stated as part of family, is an in-door apprentice at Ampthill; (c) aged 42; (d) wife; (e) 1 child; (f) aged 11; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) nil; (l) £28 family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £20/2/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) he is not in the 1851 census

GATES, Thomas: (a) £35/16/- to £37/13/1; (b) nil; (c) aged 41; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) ages 1 to 9; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £31 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £5/4/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £38/8/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £31/10/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Sear; (p) thresher; (q) not in the 1851 census

GUISELEY or GAZELEE, Jesse: (a) £13; (b) A lad living with his parents; (c) aged 16; (d) no wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £9/2/- in 1834; (i) nil; (j) nil; (k) nil; (l) £9/2/- family income; (m) £2/12/- outgoings; (n) £6/10/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Oliver; (p) shepherd; (q) 1851 census: aged 30, shepherd, born Westoning. Living with him were: Ann, wife, 26, born Toddington; Naomi, daughter, 3, born Westoning; Joseph, son, 2, born Westoning; John Hilstead, father-in-law, widower, 69, pauper, late agricultural labourer, born Toddington. He lives next door to John Bass.

GUISELEY or GAZELEE, William: (a) £35/13/- to £40/14/10; (b) Has five in family, instead of six, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 39; (d) wife; (e) 4 children; (f) ages 5 to 15; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £7/16/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £33/4/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £26/6/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Martindale; (p) thresher; (q) 1851 census: he may be William Gazeley, 52, , agricultural labourer, widower, born Westoning. Living with him were: William Cox, son-in-law, 29, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Sarah Cox, daughter, 24, born Westoning; Sarah Cox, granddaughter, 2, born Southgate [Buckinghamshire]; Caroline, granddaughter, 1 month, born Westoning.

GURNEY, Joseph: (a) £28 to £31/10/-; (b) Married at Christmas 1837, consequently only one in family, instead of two, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 24; (d) no wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) nil; (l) £28 family income; (m) £3/18/- outgoings; (n) £24/2/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: he may be the Joseph Gurney, 40, labourer, born Tingrith living in Tingrith. Living with him were: Mary, wife, 34, plaiter, born Houghton Regis; Charlotte, daughter, 10, plaiter, born Westoning; Elizabeth, daughter, 8, plaiter, born Tingrith; Maryann, daughter, 6, scholar, born Tingrith; Maria, daughter, 3, scholar, born Tingrith.

GURNEY, Richard: (a) £28/10/- to £32/0/6; (b) nil; (c) aged 27; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £28/10/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £21/12/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 42, agricultural labourer, born Tingrith. Living with him were: Sarah, wife, 34, straw plaiter, born Toddington; Emma, daughter, 15, straw plaiter, born Tingrith; Eliza daughter, 1, born Tingrith. He lived next door to William Gurney.

GURNEY, William: (a) £31/2/- to £31/16/4; (b) nil; (c) aged 33; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £2/12/- earned by wife; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £31/2/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £24/12/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 47, widower, agricultural labourer, born Tingrith. Living with him were: James, son, 17, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Caroline, daughter, 12, at home, born Westoning; George, son, 8, scholar, born Westoning; John, son, 6, born Westoning.

HARRIS, Thomas: (a) £20/4/- to £21/16/-; (b) nil; (c) aged 67; (d) no wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) £1 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) nil; (l) £21/16/- family income; (m) £2/12/- outgoings; (n) £19/4/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) not in the 1851 census.

HEATON, Edward: (a) £28/18/- to £31/16/-; (b) Has three in family, instead of four, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 63; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) aged 10 to 14; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £13 per annum; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £13 earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £26 family income; (m) £3/18/- outgoings; (n) 22/2/- for necessities; (o) Surveyors of Roads; (p) roadmaker; (q) not in the 1851 census.

HILYARD, Robert:  (a) £43/12/8 to £51/12/-; (b) This man has six in family, instead of nine, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 39; (d) wife; (e) 9 children; (f) aged 1 to 19 (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £24/14/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £50/2/- family income; (m) £7/8/- outgoings; (n) £42/14/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Smith; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 55, agricultural labourer, born Higham Gobion. Living with him are: Elizabeth, wife, 53, born Harlington; Sarah, daughter, 21, straw plaiter, born Westoning.

HYDE, Henry:  (a) £25/18/- to £27/3/-; (b) nil; (c) aged 42; (d) wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £23/6/- family income; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £16/16/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Sole; (p) carter; (q) 1851 census: aged 59, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him is his wife, Sarah, 79, born Aspley Guise.

HYDE, William: (a) £35/2/- to £44/14/4; (b) Has six in family, instead of nine, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 38; (d) wife; (e) 5 children; (f) ages 1 to 17; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) nil; (j) £14/6/- income from wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £37/14/- family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £29/16/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Sear; (p) dairyman; (q) not in the 1851 census

KING, George: (a) £36/8/- to £51/11/8; (b) This man is allowed milk and beer constantly, and plaits straw on his own account whilst tending the sheep, not included; has six in family, instead of eight, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 42; (d) wife; (e) 6 children; (f) 6 to 18 years; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834; (i) nil; (j) £18/4/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £31/12/- family income; (m) £6/18/- outgoings; (n) £34/14/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Sear; (p) shepherd; (q) 1851 census: aged 59, mole catcher, born "Dunstable Houghton". Living with him were: Naomi, daughter, 25, born Westoning; Matilda Northwood, granddaughter, 6, born Westoning.

PEDDER, Richard: (a) £25/18/- to £28/15/-; (b) nil; (c) aged 23; (d) wife; (e) 2 children; (f) ages 1 to 3; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £2/12/- earned by wife; (k) nil; (l) £25/8/-; (m) £6/10/- outgoings; (n) £18/10/0 for necessities; (o) Mr. Sear; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: aged 41, farmer of four acres and agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Sarah, wife, 40, born Westoning; Sarah, daughter, 16, straw plaiter, born Westoning; Hannah, daughter, 12, scholar, born Westoning; Tamar, daughter, 9, scholar, born Westoning; William, son, 7, scholar, born Westoning.

SEAR, William: (a) £37/2/- to £46/9/1; (b) nil; (c) aged 40; (d) wife; (e) 3 children; (f) aged 1 to 13; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £20/16/- in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) £14/6/- earned by wife and children; (k) nil; (l) £37/2/- family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £29/4/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Oliver; (p) jobbinq; (q) 1851 census: he is probably William Sear, 57, agricultural labourer, born Eversholt living in Ayott Saint Peter [Hertfordshire]. Living with him were: Edith, wife, 56, born Westoning; Edmund, son, 23, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; James, son, 14, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Thomas, son, 10, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; William, son, 10, agricultural labourer, born Westoning; Edith Chapman, house servant, 15, born Hatfield [Hertfordshire].

SHARP, Thomas: (a) £27/10/- to £29/5/-; (b) Two in family, instead of four, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 63; (d) no wife; (e) 2 children; (f) aged 20 and 24; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £23/8/- in 1834l (i) £3 for harvests; (j) £5/4/- earned by children; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £31/2/- family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £23/4/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Gibbons; (p) jobbing; (q) he is not in the 1851 census.

SHERWOOD, Thomas: (a) £20/4/- to £22/16/-; (b) Married at Michaelmas 1837; consequently there was only one in family for nine months, instead of two, as stated by Mr. Turner; (c) aged 18; (d) no wife; (e) no children; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £10/8/- in 1834; (i) £1 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) nil; (l) £11/8/- family income; (m) £2/12/- outgoings; (n) £8/16/- for necessities; (o) Mr. Atlee; (p) jobbing; (q) 1851 census: Thomas Shearwood, 33, agricultural labourer, born Westoning. Living with him were: Mary, wife, 34, born Westoning; Fanny, daughter, 12, born Westoning; Betsy, daughter, 9, plaiting scholar, born Westoning; Mary A., daughter, 3, born Westoning; Ann, sister, unmarried, 20, straw plaiter, born Westoning.

WASHINGTON, Richard (a) £28/10/- to £35/15/-; (b) nil (c) aged 28; (d) wife; (e) 1 child; (f) aged 6; (g) 52 weeks; (h) £26 in 1834; (i) £2 for harvests; (j) nil; (k) 10 shillings for gleaning; (l) £28/10/- family income; (m) £7/18/- outgoings; (n) £20/12/- for necessities; (o) the Miss Trevors; (p) jobbing; (q) he is not in the 1851 census.